Komi Republic, Russia
This case study explores the CSR expectations of local communities in respect to the operations of oil companies in the Pechora Basin. Some of the operations extend beyond the Komi Republic to the Nenets Autonomous Okrug.
The Usinskoye, Vozeiskoye, and Bayandinskoye fields are located in the north of the Komi Republic and are operated by Lukoil (the main player in the region), and others including Rusvietpetro, Kolvaneft (Nobel Oil). Local perceptions of CSR revolve around two key areas: ‘social partnership’ (implemented through partnership agreements and sponsorship of sports, culture and education) and environmental protection (with environmental fines currently being fought out in the courts).
Since the record-breaking Usinsk oil spill of 1994 from Komineft’s operations, Lukoil (who bought up Komineft) has been trying to clean up the legacy pollution and replace the ageing pipeline system. However, oil spillage continues from all operations, including a serious Rusvietpetro spill that hit the Kolva River in 2013.
The Kharyaga field is located in Nenets Autonomous Okrug (NAO), but is being developed from the Komi Republic. The field is operated by Total (40%) partnering with Statoil (30%), Zarubezhneft (20%), and the Nenets Oil Company (10%).As an example of the companies’ suggestions that they implement CSR for this project, Total states on its Kharyaga field website that “A partnership culture” has supported locals through education, sports, health, and culture. Community involvement is indicated by Statoil contributing 44% to the construction of a middle school in Naryan-Mar, NAO’s capital, a project for which Total was the second main contributor.